English versions of the articles
In Iceland, recycling of fishing gear is both enabled by laws as well as carried and facilitated by voluntary action of the fishing industry.While the government has the power to collect a fee on all fishing gear sold in Iceland to support recycling, this fee is currently waived in favor of an industry led recycling effort. The fishing industry collects and sorts its disused gear and sends up to 90% of it to appropriate recycling facilities.
Last week (4.june 2019), Clean Nordic Oceans finished a successful seminar on different reporting systems for lost fishing gear. Several existing systems were presented and positive and negative implications were discussed by almost all the Nordic countries.
WWF Germany has been working with methods to find and retrieve lost and derelict fishing gear. The latest experiments used acoustic detecting and the findings were verified by divers. According to WWF Germany, the results are promising.
Biodegradable gillnets are being tested in Norway since 2016 as an attempt to reduce ghost fishing and marine litter caused by lost gillnets. The mechanical, biological, UV, thermal and chemical degradation as well as the fishing efficiency of biodegradable gillnets are being studied.
Microplastics in the oceans is an increasing problem and have many sources and enters the oceans through a broad range of vectors. To reduce the amount of micro plastics in the oceans, we need to know the source and the pathways. JPI Oceans have since 2015 worked to increase the understanding of microplastics in the oceans. The first 4 projects have been finalised and JPI Oceans have launched a second call of 10,5 million euro for transnational research project on microplastics.